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1986–The Kerr-McGee Corporation agrees to pay the estate of the late Karen Silkwood $1.38 million, settling a 10-year-old nuclear contamination lawsuit. Silkwood had been active in the Oil, Chemical and Atomic Workers Union, specifically looking into radiation exposure of workers, and spills and leaks of plutonium.

392–Arbogast has Eugenius elected Western Roman Emperor.

565–The Loch Ness Monster is first sighted in Scotland.

851–Erispoe defeats Charles the Bald near the Breton town of Jengland.

1138–Battle of the Standard takes place between Scotland and England.

1155–Emperor Konoe of Japan dies at age 16. His reign lasted for 13 years (1142-1155).

1241–Pope Gregory IX dies.

1280–Pope Nicholas III dies.

1304–John II, Count of Holland dies.

1350–Philip VI of France dies.

1358–Isabella of France dies.

1412–Frederick II, Elector of Saxony, is born.

1456–Vladislav II of Wallachia dies.

1485–Richard III of England dies in battle at Bosworth Field in Leicestershire, England, at age 32. After the battle, Richard's corpse was taken to Leicester, and buried without pomp. His original tomb is believed to have been destroyed during the Reformation, and his remains were lost for more than five centuries. In 2012, an archaeological excavation was conducted on a city council car park on the site once occupied by Greyfriars Priory Church. The University of Leicester identified the skeleton found in the excavation as that of Richard III, as a result of radiocarbon dating, comparison with contemporary reports of his appearance, and comparison of his mitochondrial DNA with that of two matrilineal descendants. Richard's remains were reburied in Leicester Cathedral on March 26, 2015.

1559–Spanish Archbishop, Bartolomé Carranza, is arrested for heresy.

1639–Madras (present-day Chennai), India, is founded by the British East India Company on a sliver of land bought from local Nayak rulers.

1642–Charles I calls the English Parliament traitors. The English Civil War begins.

1647–Physicist and mathematician, Denis Papin, is born in France. He developed pressure cooking.

1654–Jacob Barsimson arrives in New Amsterdam. He is the first known Jewish immigrant to America.

1680–John George II, Elector of Saxony, dies.

1711–Britain's Quebec Expedition loses eight ships and almost 900 soldiers, sailors, and women to rocks at Pointe-aux-Anglais.

1760–Pope Leo XII is born.

1770–James Cook names and lands on Possession Island, Queensland, and claims the east coast of Australia as New South Wales in the name of King George III.

1780–James Cook's ship, HMS Resolution, returns to England. Cook was killed in Hawaii during the voyage.

1791–The Haitian Slave Revolution begins in Saint-Domingue.

1827–José de la Mar becomes President of Peru.

1831–Nat Turner's slave rebellion commences just after midnight in Southampton County, Virginia, leading to the deaths of about 60 whites and approximately 250 blacks.

1846–The Second Federal Republic of Mexico is established.

1846–The United States annexes New Mexico.

1848–Publisher, Melville Elijah Stone, is born. He founded The Chicago Daily News.

1849–The first air raid in history takes place, as Austria launches pilotless balloons against the city of Venice.

1851–The first America's Cup is won by the yacht America.

1854–Milan I of Serbia is born Milan Obrenovic in Marasesti, Moldavia.

1861–Emperor Xianfeng of China dies.

1862–Composer, Claude Debussy, is born in France. He is best known for his piano composition Claire de Lune. Recordings still exist of Debussy playing his compositions.

1864–Twelve nations sign the first Geneva Convention.

1867–Physician and nutritionist, Maximilian Oskar Bircher-Benner, is born in Aarau, Switzerland. He created and popularized muesli.

1875–The Treaty of Saint Petersburg between Japan and Russia is ratified, providing for the exchange of Sakhalin for the Kuril Islands.

1893–Writer, Dorothy Parker, is born Dorothy Rothschild in Long Branch, New Jersey. She was a poet, short story writer, critic, and satirist, best known for her wit and wisecracks. She rose to acclaim, both for her literary output in such venues as The New Yorker and as a founding member of the Algonquin Round Table. Following the breakup of the circle, Parker traveled to Hollywood to pursue screenwriting. Her successes there, including two Academy Award nominations, were curtailed as her involvement in left-wing politics led to her being placed on the Hollywood blacklist.

1902–The Cadillac Motor Company is founded.

1902–Theodore Roosevelt becomes the first U.S. President to ride in an automobile.

1903–Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury, dies. He was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.

904–Politician, Deng Xiaoping, is born. He was the first Vice Premier of the People's Republic of China.

1906–The Victor Talking Machine Company of Camden, New Jersey, begins to manufacture the Victrola (record player). The hand-cranked unit, with horn cabinet, sells for $200. Records were sold separately.

1908–Photographer, Henri Cartier-Bresson, is born in the village of Chanteloup, near Paris, France. He was imprisoned by the Germans during World War II, but escaped the labor camps and joined the French resistance. After the war, he became a photographer. He liked using a tiny camera because it gave his work more spontaneity, but also allowed him to be less visible. He covered the bright chrome parts of his camera with black tape to make it less obvious, or sometimes he hid it under a handkerchief.

1910–Korea is annexed by Japan, with the signing of the Japan-Korea Treaty of 1910, beginning a period of Japanese rule of Korea that would last until the end of World War II.

1914–Businessman, Connie B. Gay, is born Connie Barriot Gay in Lizard Lick, North Carolina. He is credited for coining the country music genre, which had previously been called hillbilly music. Gay was the founding president of the Country Music Association (CMA) and co-founder of the Country Music Hall of Fame and Museum.

1914–Novelist and playwright, Jack Dunphy, is born.

1914–Pope Pius X (1903-1914) dies of a heart attack at Apostolic Palace in Rome, Kingdom of Italy, at age 79.

1915–Scientist, James Hillier, is born. He co-designed the electron microscope.

1915–Economist and politician, Edward (Franciszek) Szczepanik, is born in Suwalki, Poland. At the time of his birth, the country was part of Imperial Russia under German occupation. He was the last Prime Minister of the Polish Government in Exile.

1917–Musician, John Lee Hooker, is born in Coahoma County, Mississippi. He rose to prominence performing an electric guitar-style adaptation of Delta blues. His best known songs include Boogie Chillen, Crawling King Snake, Dimples, Boom Boom, and One Bourbon, One Scotch, One Beer.

1920–Writer, Ray (Douglas) Bradbury, is born in Waukegan, Illinois. He was an American fantasy, science fiction, horror and mystery fiction author. He is best known for his novels Fahrenheit 451 and The Illustrated Man, and the science fiction and horror stories gathered together as The Martian Chronicles.

1922–Irish politician and Sinn Fein leader, Michael Collins, is killed in an ambush by Irish opponents. He was one of the signatories of the 1921 Anglo-Irish treaty.

1926–Actress, Honor Blackman, is born in Plaistow, London, England. As a “Bond Girl,” she is best known for the role of Pussy Galore in Goldfinger.

1932–Astronaut, Gerald P. Carr, is born.

1932–The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) begins its first experimental TV broadcast in England.

1934–Military general, Norman Schwarzkopf, Jr., is born.

1936–Engineer, Werner Stengel, is born in Germany. He designed the maverick rollercoaster.

1939–Actress, Valerie Harper, is born. She is best known for the role of Rhoda Morgenstern in the TV shows The Mary Tyler Moore Show and Rhoda.

1940–Football player and coach, Bill McCartney, is born. He founded Promise Keepers.

1941–During World War II, German troops begin the Siege of Leningrad.

1942–Brazil declares war on Germany and Italy.

1942–Choreographer, Michel Fokine, dies in New York, New York, at age 62. He was the founder of modern dance. Fokine aspired to move beyond stereotypical ballet traditions. His best known works were Chopiniana, (later revised as Les Sylphides), Le Carnaval, and Le Pavillon d'Armide. His pieces are still performed by the leading ballet troupes of the world.

1943–Computer scientist, Masatoshi Shima, is born in Japan. He co-designed the Intel 4004.

1944–Romania is captured by the Soviet Union.

1944–Adolf Hitler orders that Paris, France, be destroyed.

1945–Musician and record producer, Ron Dante, is born. He created The Archies, who had a #1 hit with Sugar Sugar.

1947–Actress, Cindy Williams, is born. She is best known for the role of Shirley Feeney on the TV series Laverne & Shirley.

1948–David Marks, of The Beach Boys, is born.

1952–The penal colony on Devil's Island is permanently closed.

1956–Filming begins on Elvis Presley’s movie debut The Reno Brothers. The movie is later re-titled Love Me Tender. During filming, Presley stays with his parents at the Knickerbocker Hotel in Hollywood, California.

1961–Roland Orzabal, of Tears for Fears, is born in England.

1961–Debbi Peterson, of The Bangles, is born.

1961–Ida Siekmann dies attempting to cross the Berlin Wall.

1962–An attempt to assassinate French President Charles de Gaulle fails.

1962–The Beatles perform at the Cavern Club at lunchtime and then again at night. During the lunchtime session, a film crew from Granada TV films the performance of two songs (Some Other Guy and Kansas City/Hey Hey Hey Hey) for the television program Know the North. At the end of Some Other Guy the microphone picks up a fan’s shout, “We want Pete!” it having been less than a week since Pete Best’s dismissal from The Beatles. Unfortunately, the conditions in the club are not suitable for good filming, and the footage will be judged unsatisfactory for broadcast. The film is shelved, but it is exhumed for broadcast (November 6, 1963, on the show Scene at 6:30) once The Beatles have become famous. Since then, it has been widely shown. Some of the film footage has disappeared over the years, but Some Other Guy is largely intact. For many years this was the only known film of a Beatles performance before they achieved national fame, and the only film of them performing in the Cavern Club. But in 1996, a 35-second color, soundless film of The Beatles performing at the Cassanova Club on February 14, 1961, will be discovered by the son of the fan who filmed it.

1963–American pilot, Joe Walker, reaches an altitude of 66 miles in an X-15 test plane.

1963–Singer-songwriter, Tori Amos, is born.

1963–Businessman, William Morris, dies in Nuffield, Oxfordshire, England, at age 85. Morris was a British motor manufacturer and philanthropist. He was the founder of Morris Motors Limited. The first Morris Minor was produced in 1928. The original MG Midget, launched in 1929, was based on the Minor. Morris Motors Limited merged with Austin Motor Company in 1952, in the new holding company, British Motor Corporation (BMC), of which Nuffield was chairman for its first year.

1964–Veering into Canada on their first American tour, The Beatles perform for an audience of 20,261 at the Empire Stadium in Vancouver, British Columbia. The concert is also broadcast live by a local radio station.

1964–Liberty Records announces that its album, The Chipmunks Sing the Beatles, is selling 25,000 copies per day.

1965–The Beatles, on tour in North America, perform two shows at Memorial Coliseum, Portland, Oregon. Total attendance is 20,000. Between performances, The Beatles are visited in their dressing-room by Carl Wilson and Mike Love of The Beach Boys.

1965–Ellen Church, the first American female flight attendant, dies in a horse riding accident in Terre Haute, Indiana, at age 60. She was a pilot and a registered nurse. In 1930, Boeing Air Transport (BAT) hired Church as head stewardess, and she recruited seven others for a three-month trial period. An injury from an automobile accident ended her stewardess career after 18 months.

1966–Labor movements NFWA and AWOC merge to become the United Farm Workers Organizing Committee (UFWOC), predecessor of the United Farm Workers.

1966–Police in New York manage to talk two teenagers down from a 22nd-floor ledge. The girls had threatened to commit suicide unless they met The Beatles. Instead, they’re sent to Roosevelt Hospital to get their heads examined.

1967–Biologist, Gregory Goodwin Pincus, dies. He was the co-inventor of the birth control pill.

1967–Layne Staley, of Alice in Chains, is born.

1968–Pope Paul VI arrives in Bogotá, Colombia. It is the first visit of a pope to Latin America.

1968–The Beatles are at EMI Studios, London, England. The constant bickering and tension finally becomes too much for Ringo Starr, as he quits The Beatles and walks out to think about his future. The news of Ringo’s departure is kept secret. After Ringo leaves, the remaining Beatles record Back In the USSR, with Paul McCartney on drums and John Lennon playing bass. This is one of the few Beatles recordings that does not feature Ringo on drums.

1968–A day before their sixth anniversary, Cynthia Lennon files for divorce from John Lennon, citing his relationship with Yoko Ono.

1969–John Lennon’s Tittenhurst estate (in Suningdale, Ascot, Berkshire) is the location for The Beatles last photographic session. The photographers are Ethan Russell, Monty Fresco, and Mal Evans. Locations include: 1) Pillars in front of the main house; 2) main garden path; 3) maddock of high grass; 4) John and Yoko posing with donkeys; 5) cypress tree by the Diana statue; 6) weeping blue atlas cedar trees; 7) atlas trees; 8) lawn near main house; 9) balcony; 10) side doorway in the assembly hall; 11) arched porches; 12) walled path between cottages and main house; 13) indoors; 14) and southern balcony of main house.

1970–Eric Clapton enters the studio to begin recording the Derek & the Dominos album Layla and Other Assorted Love Songs.

1970–Elvis is on the comeback trail, as the King announces his first nationwide tour since 1958.

1970–Italian-American chef, Giada De Laurentiis, is born.

1971–J. Edgar Hoover and John Mitchell announce the arrest of 20 of the Camden 28.

1972–Rhodesia is expelled by the IOC for its racist policies.

1972–Paul Doucette, of Matchbox Twenty, is born.

1973–The Congress of Chile votes in favour of a resolution condemning President Salvador Allende's government and demands that he resign or else be unseated through force and new elections be called. The first demand is executed 18 days later in a bloody coup d'état, commencing 17 years of military rule.

1973–Howie Dorough, of Backstreet Boys, is born.

1977–Actor, Sebastian Cabot, dies from a stroke in North Saanich, British Columbia, Canada, at age 59. He is best known for the role of Mr. French on the TV sitcom Family Affair. He appeared in the films Love on the Dole, The Spider and the Fly, Wonder Boy, Ivanhoe, Romeo and Juliet, Kismet, Westward Ho, the Wagons!, Johnny Tremain, Terror in a Texas Town, Say One for Me, The Angry Hills, The Time Machine, and The Family Jewels.

1978–The Sandinista National Liberation Front (FLSN) occupies the national palace in Nicaragua.

1978–The District of Columbia Voting Rights Amendment is passed by the U.S. Congress. The proposed amendment would provide the District of Columbia with full voting representation in the Congress, the Electoral College, and regarding amending the U.S. Constitution. The proposed amendment fails to be ratified by enough states (ratified by 16, when needing 38) and did not become part of the Constitution.

1978–Politician, Jomo Kenyatta, dies. He was the first President of Kenya.

1979–George Harrison’s book I Me Mine is published in a limited edition of 2,000 copies, with a price of £148. A less expensive edition will be published at a later date.

1980–Engineer and pilot, James Smith McDonnell, dies. He founded McDonnell Aircraft.

1985–Fifty-five people killed when a fire breaks out on a commercial aircraft at Manchester Airport in Manchester, England.

1986–The Kerr-McGee Corporation agrees to pay the estate of the late Karen Silkwood $1.38 million, settling a 10-year-old nuclear contamination lawsuit. Silkwood had been active in the Oil, Chemical and Atomic Workers Union, specifically looking into radiation exposure of workers, and spills and leaks of plutonium.

1989–Black Panther co-founder, Huey P. Newton, is shot to death in Oakland, California, at age 47. Gunman, Tyrone Robinson, will later be sentenced to 32 years to life in prison for the murder.

1989–Nolan Ryan strikes out Rickey Henderson, to become the first Major League Baseball pitcher to record 5,000 strikeouts.

1991–Actress, Colleen Dewhurst, dies of cervical cancer in South Salem, New York, at age 67. She was a renowned interpreter of the works of Eugene O’Neill on the stage, and her career also encompassed film, early dramas on live television, and Joseph Papp's New York Shakespeare Festival. She appeared in the films The Nun’s Story, Man on a String, A Fine Madness, The Cowboys, Annie Hall, Ice Castles, When a Stranger Calls, Tribute, The Dead Zone, and Dying Young.

1992–FBI HRT sniper, Lon Horiuchi, shoots and kills Vicki Weaver during an 11-day siege at her home in Ruby Ridge, Idaho.

1996–President Bill Clinton signs welfare reform into law, representing a major shift in U.S. welfare policy.

2003–Alabama Chief Justice, Roy Moore, is suspended after refusing to comply with a federal court order to remove a rock inscribed with the Ten Commandments from the lobby of the Alabama Supreme Court building.

2004–Versions of The Scream and Madonna, two paintings by Edvard Munch, are stolen at gunpoint from a museum in Oslo, Norway.

2006–Pulkovo Aviation Enterprise Flight 612 crashes near the Russian border over eastern Ukraine, killing all 170 people on board.

2006–Bruce Gary, drummer for The Knack, dies.

2007–The Storm botnet, a botnet created by the Storm Worm, sends out a record 57 million e-mails in one day.

2011–Nickolas Ashford, of Ashford & Simpson, dies of throat cancer in Manhattan, New York, at age 70. The duo’s hits include Ain't No Mountain High Enough, You're All I Need To Get By, Ain't Nothing Like the Real Thing, and Reach Out and Touch (Somebody's Hand).

2011–Songwriter and hit-maker, Jerry Leiber, dies of cardio-pulmonary failure in Los Angeles, California, at age 78. With his partner, Mike Stoller, he became one the most successful pop music writers of all time. Their hits include Hound Dog, Kansas City, Young Blood, Searchin', Yakety Yak, Jailhouse Rock, Loving You, King Creole, Stand By Me, Leader of the Pack, Chapel of Love, and Is That All There Is?

2012–Ethnic clashes over grazing rights for cattle in Kenya's Tana River District result in more than 52 deaths.

2014–Businessman, John Sperling, dies. He founded the University of Phoenix.

2015–Eleven people are killed when a vintage Hawker Hunter jet crashes on the A27 in Shoreham-by-Sea, West Sussex, England.

2016–South Korea and the United States begin annual military drills, despite North Korea's threats of nuclear attacks.

2016–Former President of France, Nicolas Sarkozy, officially declares his candidacy for president in 2017.

2016–Microsoft acknowledges that a Windows 10 update has stopped millions of webcams from working.

2016–Co-host of Good Morning America, Amy Robach, apologizes for using the term “colored people.” She called the incident "a mistake" and "not at all a reflection of how I feel or speak in my everyday life."

2016–Harmonica player, Toots Thielemans, dies in his sleep at age 94. He worked both as a bandleader and as a sideman, including many projects with composer-arranger Quincy Jones. He performed on many film soundtracks, including Midnight Cowboy, Cinderella Liberty, Jean de Florette, The Sugarland Express, The Yakuza, Turkish Delight, The Getaway, and French Kiss.


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