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1986–The former American Bandstand studio, at the original home of WFIL-TV in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, is placed on the National Register of Historic Places. The studio is located at 4548 Market Street.

708–Copper coins are minted in Japan for the first time.

886–Byzantine Emperor, Basil I, dies.

1093–Hugh I, Duke of Burgundy, dies.

1123–Eystein I of Norway dies.

1261–Pope Urban IV succeeds Pope Alexander IV as the 182nd pope.

1315–The army of the Republic of Pisa, commanded by Uguccione della Faggiuola, wins a decisive victory against the joint forces of the Kingdom of Naples and the Republic of Florence, despite being outnumbered.

1350–The English naval fleet, under King Edward III, defeats a Castilian fleet of 40 ships.

1395–Albert III, Duke of Austria, dies.

1442–John VI, Duke of Brittany, dies.

1475–The Treaty of Picquigny ends a brief war between the kingdoms of France and England.

1484–Pope Innocent VIII succeeds Pope Sixtus IV.

1498–Vasco da Gama decides to depart Calicut and return to the Kingdom of Portugal.

1526–The Ottoman Turks, led by Suleiman the Magnificent, defeat and kill Louis II of Hungary, the last Jagiellonian King of Hungary and Bohemia.

1541–The Ottoman Turks capture Buda, the capital of the Hungarian Kingdom.

1632–Physician and philosopher, John Locke, is born in England.

1728–Maria Anna Sophia of Saxony is born.

1756–Frederick the Great attacks Saxony, beginning the Seven Years War.

1758–The first American Indian reservation is established at Indian Mills, New Jersey.

1777–Religious leader, Hyacinth, is born in Russia. He founded Sinology.

1780–Architect, Jacques-Germain Soufflot, dies. He co-designed The Panthéon.

1786–Shays' Rebellion, an armed uprising of Massachusetts farmers, begins in response to high debt and tax burdens.

1799–Pope Pius VI dies a captive in Valence, French Republic, at age 81. His reign is the fourth-longest in papal history, being over two decades.

1809–Physician and author, Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr., is born.

1811–Activist, Henry Bergh, is born. He founded the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA).

1825–The Kingdom of Portugal recognizes the Independence of Brazil.

1831–Michael Faraday discovers electromagnetic induction.

1833–Legislation to settle child labor laws is passed in England. The new law is called the Factory Act.

1842–The Treaty of Nanking ends the First Opium War.

1843–Politician, David B. Hill, is born. He was the 29th Governor of New York.

1862–Politician, Andrew Fisher, is born in Scotland. He was the fifth Prime Minister of Australia.

1869–The Mount Washington Cog Railway opens, making it the world's first mountain-climbing rack railway.

1871–Emperor Meiji orders the abolition of the han system and the establishment of prefectures as local centers of administration.

1871–Politician, Albert François Lebrun, is born. He was the 15th President of France.

1876–Politician, Kim Gu, is born. He was the fifth President of The Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea.

1876–Engineer and businessman, Charles F. Kettering, is born. He founded Delco Electronics.

1801–Religious leader, Brigham Young, dies of a ruptured appendix in Salt Lake City, Utah Territory, at age 76. He was the second President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. He founded Salt Lake City and served as the first Governor of the Utah Territory. Young also led the foundings of the precursors to the University of Utah and Brigham Young University.

1880–Super-centenarian, Marie-Louise Meilleur, is born in Kamouraska, Quebec, Canada. She will live to the age of 117 years (and 230 days). Meilleur was the oldest validated Canadian ever.

1885–Gottlieb Daimler patents the world's first internal combustion motorcycle, the Reitwagen.

1886–Chop Suey is created by Li Hung-Chang’s chef in New York City.

1898–The Goodyear Tire Company is founded.

1898–Film director, Preston Sturges, is born.

1899–Character actor, George Macready, is born George Peabody Macready, Jr. in Providence, Rhode Island. He appeared in many TV westerns, including Bat Masterson, Bonanza, Gunsmoke, Have Gun Will Travel, The Rebel, The Rifleman, and Wanted: Dead or Alive. He appeared in the films Follow the Boys, Gilda, The Big Clock, The Desert Hawk, Detective Story, A Kiss Before Dying, Paths of Glory, Two Weeks in Another Town, Taras Bulba, Seven Days in May, Dead Ringer, and The Great Race.

1907–The Quebec Bridge collapses during construction, killing 75 workers.

1910–The Japan-Korea Treaty of 1910, also known as the Japan-Korea Annexation Treaty, becomes effective, officially starting the period of Japanese rule in Korea.

1911–Ishi, considered the last Native American to make contact with European Americans, emerges from the wilderness of northeastern California.

1912–Actor, (Patrick) Barry Sullivan, is born in New York, New York. He appeared in the films Three Guys Named Mike, Mr. Imperium, The Bad and the Beautiful, Jeopardy, Strategic Air Command, Queen Bee, Julie, The Maverick Queen, A Gathering of Eagles, Harlow, Tell Them Willie Boy is Here, Pat Garrett and Billy the Kid, Earthquake, and Oh! God.

1915–U.S. Navy salvage divers raise F-4, the first U.S. submarine sunk in an accident.

1915–Actress, Ingrid Bergman, is born in Sweden.

1915–Nutritionist and author, Nathan Pritikin, is born.

1916–The United States passes the Philippine Autonomy Act.

1916–Actor, George Montgomery, is born George Montgomery Letz in Brady, Pondera County, Montana. He appeared in the films Riders of the Purple Sage, Orchestra Wives, Coney Island, Three Little Girls in Blue, The Texas Rangers, Watusi, and Battle of the Bulge. He was married to singer, Dinah Shore.

1917–Actress, Isabel Sanford, is born Eloise Gwendolyn Sanford in New York, New York. She is best known for the role of Louise Jefferson on All in the Family and The Jeffersons. She appeared in the films Guess Who’s Coming to Dinner, The Young Runaways, The Comic, The New Centurions, Hickey & Boggs, Lady Sings the Blues, and Up the Sandbox.

1917–Businessman, George Huntington Hartford, dies in Spring Lake, New Jersey, at age 83. He headed The Great Atlantic and Pacific Tea Company from 1878 to 1917. During this period, A&P created the concept of the chain grocery store and expanded into the country's largest retailer. By 1930, A&P operated approximately 16,000 stores and became the first retailer to report a combined revenue of $1 billion.

1920–Charlie “Bird” Parker, legendary jazz saxophonist, is born.

1922–The first radio advertisement is broadcast on WEAF-AM in New York City.

1922–Fashion designer and critic, Richard Blackwell, is born.

1923–Actor and director, Richard Attenborough, is born in England.

1924–Singer, Dinah Washington, is born Ruth Lee Jones in Tuscaloosa, Alabama. She had big hits in the 1950s with Unforgettable and What a Difference a Day Makes.

1926–Actress, Betty Lynn, is born.

1930–The last 36 remaining inhabitants of the islands of St. Kilda are voluntarily evacuated to other parts of Scotland. St. Kilda may have been permanently inhabited for at least two millennia, the population probably never exceeding 180. Currently, the only year-round residents are military personnel, and a variety of conservation workers, volunteers, and scientists spend time there in the summer months.

1931–Businessman, David T. Abercrombie, dies. He co-founded Abercrombie & Fitch.

1933–Football coach, Frank Cavanagh, dies in Marshfield, Massachusetts, at age 57. He served as the head football coach at the University of Cincinnati (1898), the College of the Holy Cross (1903-1905), Dartmouth College (1911-1916), Boston College (1919-1926), and Fordham University (1927-1932), compiling a career college football record of 145-48-17.

1935–Film director, William Friedkin, is born.

1935–Astrid of Sweden dies.

1936–Politician, John McCain, is born.

1938–Actor, Elliott Gould, is born. He was married to singer-actress, Barbra Streisand.

1939–Film director, Joel Schumacher, is born.

1940–Politician, James Brady, is born. He was the 15th White House Press Secretary, under President Ronald Reagan.

1941–Tallinn, the capital of Estonia, is occupied by Nazi Germany following an occupation by the Soviet Union.

1941–Journalist and TV host, Robin Leach, is born in England.

1943–German-occupied Denmark scuttles most of its navy and Germany dissolves the Danish government.

1943–Dick Halligan, of Blood, Sweat & Tears, is born.

1944–Fifteen thousand American troops who are liberating Paris, France, during World War II, march down the Champs Elysees.

1944–The Slovak National Uprising takes place as 60,000 Slovak troops turn against the Nazis.

1946–The USS Nevada is decommissioned.

1945–Chris Copping, of Procol Harum, is born in England.

1947–Ethologist, academic, and author, Temple Grandin, is born.

1949–The USSR explodes its first atomic bomb at Semipalatinsk, Kazakhstan, starting the Cold War.

1950–During the Korean War, British troops arrive in Korea to bolster the U.S. presence there.

1952–Actress, Deborah Van Valkenburgh, is born.

1957–The U.S. Congress passes the Civil Rights Act of 1957.

1958–United States Air Force Academy opens in Colorado Springs, Colorado.

1958–The “King of Pop,” Michael (Joseph) Jackson, is born in Gary, Indiana. He began his career as the youngest member of The Jackson 5, singing lead on the hit songs I Want You Back, ABC, The Love You Save, I’ll Be There, Never Can Say Goodbye, and Ben. He went on to a solo career with the huge hits Don’t Stop ‘Til You Get Enough, Rock with You, Off the Wall, She’s Out of My Life, Billie Jean, Beat It, Thriller, Bad, The Way You Make Me Feel, Man in the Mirror, and Black or White. For much of his career, he had an "unparalleled" level of worldwide influence over the younger generation through his musical and humanitarian contributions. He was married to Lisa Marie Presley.

1959–The Quarry Men (John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison, and Ken Brown) perform at the Casbah Coffee Club, Hayman’s Green, West Derby, Liverpool, England. This is the opening night of a new teen club in the spacious cellars of a large Victorian house that is owned by Mrs. Mona Best. This is also the first of seven straight Saturdays that The Quarry Men will play here. Originally, the booking was for the Les Stewart Quartet, the group with which George Harrison had been playing. Les Stewart and Ken Brown had gotten into a serious argument and Stewart walked out, swearing he’d never come back. Brown then asked George Harrison if he knew of anyone who could step in and save the day. George got in touch with John Lennon and Paul McCartney, and The Quarry Men are saved from a brush with the idea of disbanding.

1959–Actress, Rebecca De Mornay, is born.

1960–Chef, Todd English, is born.

1963–The Beatles continue filming for a documentary being made to explore the “Mersey Beat” boom. Today, they are filmed walking on the top deck of a ferry boat and signing autographs. Then, later, at Speke Airport in south Liverpool, they act out an airplane arrival, descending steps from an airplane.

1963–Elizabeth Fraser, of The Cocteau Twins, is born in Scotland.

1964–Billboard publishes that the sales of guitars have reached its highest point since 1957, when Elvis appeared on the scene.

1964–Roy Orbison’s Oh, Pretty Woman is released. It becomes the biggest song of his career.

1965–The Gemini V spacecraft returns to Earth, landing in the Atlantic Ocean.

1965–The Beatles, on tour in North America, perform a show at the Hollywood Bowl in Hollywood, California. This is the first of two nights at the historic venue. The Beatles' performance is recorded for possible release on record, but technical problems render the recordings unusable.

1966–Leading Egyptian thinker, Sayyid Qutb, is executed for plotting the assassination of President Gamal Abdel Nasser.

1966–Actress, Mia Farrow, leaves the cast of the prime-time TV drama Peyton Place, after starring in the popular series for two years. With Farrow’s exit, her character, Allison MacKenzie, was dropped from the show.

1966–The Beatles play their last concert before a paying audience, at Candlestick Park in San Francisco, California. A crowd of 25,000 is in attendance. John Lennon and Paul McCartney, knowing what the fans do not (that this will be the last concert ever), bring cameras on stage and take pictures between songs. As The Beatles fly out of San Francisco, George Harrison comments, "Well, that’s it, I’m not a Beatle anymore.” While that is technically inaccurate, it gives proof to the fact that group has evolved and are no longer the “Fab Four.”

1967–Brian Epstein’s funeral is held in Liverpool, England. The Beatles are not present; only family members attend.

1970–A riot at the Chicano Moratorium against the Vietnam War in East Los Angeles, California, kills three people, including journalist, Rubén Salazar.

1975–Kyle Cook, of Matchbox 20, is born.

1975–Irish leader, Éamon De Valera, dies in Dublin, Ireland, at age 92. Éamon was taken to Ireland by his uncle Ned at the age of two. In 1904, he graduated in mathematics from the Royal University of Ireland. He then studied for a year at Trinity College Dublin. When his erstwhile ally, Michael Collins, negotiated the establishment of the Irish Free State, De Valera pulled his party out. Eventually, when the new constitution was established for the new country of Eire in 1937, he assumed the office of Prime Minister. He eventually became President of the Republic of Ireland, leaving office at age 91.

1976–Country singer, Jimmy Reed, dies.

1977–Three people are arrested after trying to disinter Elvis Presley’s body from its resting place at the Forest Hill cemetery in Memphis, Tennessee. Elvis is later moved to a grave site at Graceland.

1977–Actress, Jean Hagen, dies of esophageal cancer in Los Angeles, California, at age 54. She was seen in the TV shows Make Room for Daddy, Alfred Hitchcock Presents, The Andy Griffith Show, Starsky and Hutch, and The Streets of San Francisco. She appeared in the films Adam’s Rib, The Asphalt Jungle, Singin’ in the Rain, The Big Knife, The Shaggy Dog, Sunrise at Campobello, Panic in Year Zero, and Dead Ringer.

1981–Journalist and author, Lowell Thomas, dies.

1981–Newscaster, Lowell Thomas, dies in Pawling, New York, at age 89. He was a writer, broadcaster, and traveler, best known as the man who made Lawrence of Arabia famous.

1982–The synthetic chemical element, Meitnerium, atomic number 109, is first synthesized at the Gesellschaft für Schwerionenforschung in Darmstadt, Germany.

1982–Actress, Ingrid Bergman, dies.

1985–Paul McCartney purchases, at auction, a crude recording of The Beatles performing at the Cavern Club in July 1962, for which he pays £2,100. The tape is reported to include the following tracks: Hey! Baby, If You Gotta Make a Fool of Somebody, Hippy Hippy Shake, Please Mr. Postman, Roll Over Beethoven, Ask Me Why, Sharing You, Your Feets Too Big, Words of Love, Till There Was You, Dizzy Miss Lizzie, I Forgot to Remember to Forget, Matchbox (with vocal by Pete Best), Shimmy Shake, Memphis, Young Blood, and Dream Baby.

1986–The former American Bandstand studio, at the original home of WFIL-TV in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, is placed on the National Register of Historic Places. The studio is located at 4548 Market Street.

1987–Actor, Lee Marvin, dies.

1990–Mystic and writer, Manly Palmer Hall, dies.

1991–The Supreme Soviet, the parliament of the USSR, suspends all activities of the Communist Party, bringing an end to the party’s 75-year controlling regime in the Soviet Union.

1991–Libero Grassi, a businessman from Palermo, Italy, is killed by the Mafia after taking a solitary stand against their extortion demands.

1995–Film director and producer, Frank Perry, dies.

1996–Vnukovo Airlines Flight 2801, a Tupolev Tu-154, crashes into a mountain on the Arctic island of Spitsbergen, killing all 141 people aboard.

1997–At least 98 villagers are killed by the Armed Islamic Group of Algeria GIA in the Rais massacre in Algeria.

2003–Ayatollah Sayed Mohammed Baqir al-Hakim, the Shia Muslim leader in Iraq, is assassinated in a terrorist bombing, along with nearly 100 worshipers, as they leave a mosque in Najaf.

2005–Hurricane Katrina devastates much of the U.S. Gulf Coast, from Louisiana to the Florida Panhandle, killing an estimated 1,836 people and causing over $108 billion in damage.

2007–Six U.S. Air Force cruise missiles, armed with nuclear warheads, are flown without proper authorization from Minot Air Force Base to Barksdale Air Force Base.

2007–Businessman, Alfred Peet, dies. He founded Peet's Coffee & Tea.

2010–The 62nd Annual Primetime Emmy Awards announces its winners. Best Dramatic Series: Mad Men; Best Comedy Series: Modern Family; Best Musical or Variety Series: The Daily Show with Jon Stewart; Best Mini-Series: The Pacific; Best Made for Television Movie: Temple Grandin; Best Reality Series: Top Chef; Best Actor: Bryan Cranston; Best Actress: Kyra Sedgwick; Best Comedy Actor: Jim Parsons; Best Comedy Actress: Edie Falco. The ceremonies are held at the Nokia Theatre, Los Angeles, California. The host is Jimmy Fallon.

2012–At least 26 Chinese miners are killed and 21 others are missing after a blast in the Xiaojiawan coal mine, located at Panzhihua, Sichuan Province.

2015–Self-help author and motivational speaker, Wayne Dyer, dies of cancer in Maui County, Hawaii, at age 75. His first book, Your Erroneous Zones, is one of the best-selling books of all time, with an estimated 35 million copies sold.

2016–Multiple individuals ram a van into the entrance of the Brussels National Institute of Criminology building, setting its laboratories on fire.

2016–A lightning strike from a freak thunderstorm kills 323 reindeer in Norway.

2016–Actor, Gene Wilder, dies from complications of Alzheimer's disease in Stamford, Connecticut, at age 83. He had kept knowledge of his condition private, but had been diagnosed three years prior to his death. He appeared in the films Bonnie and Clyde. The Producers, Willy Wonka & the Chocolate Factory, Everything You Always Wanted to Know About Sex* (*But Were Afraid to Ask), Blazing Saddles, Young Frankenstein, Silver Streak, The Frisco Kid, Sir Crazy, Hanky Panky, The Woman in Red, and Haunted Honeymoon.


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