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1967–Beatles manager, Brian Epstein, dies of an accidental suicide at his home in London, England, at age 32. His death was the result of an accumulation of the barbiturate Carbitol within his body over a period of two to three days. The Beatles are in North Wales with the Maharishi Mahesh Yogi, where Paul McCartney receives a phone call with the bad news. Paul and his girlfriend, Jane Asher, leave immediately for London. In interviews later that day, John, George, and Ringo are visibly shaken. The New York Times eulogizes Brian as “the man who revolutionized pop music in our time.”

551 BC–Confucius is born K’ung Fu-tzu.

410–The sacking of Rome by the Visigoths ends after three days.

827–Pope Eugene II dies.

1172–Henry the Young King and Margaret of France are crowned junior king and queen of England.

1312–Arthur II, Duke of Brittany, dies.

1394–Emperor Chokei of Japan dies.

1487–Anna of Brandenburg is born.

1590–Pope Sixtus V dies.

1593–Pierre Barrière fails in his attempt to assassinate King Henry IV of France.

1660–Because of John Milton's attacks on King Charles II, books written by the poet are burned in London, England.

1665–Ye Bare and Ye Cubb becomes the first play to be performed in North America, in Acomac, Virginia.

1689–The Treaty of Nerchinsk is signed by Russia and the Qing Empire.

1758–Barbara of Portugal dies from the effects of severe asthma at the Royal Palace of Aranjuez in Madrid, Spain, at age 46. She was an Infanta of Portugal, and later Queen of Spain as wife of Ferdinand VI of Spain.

1776–In present-day Brooklyn, New York, British forces under General William Howe, defeat the Americans under General George Washington.

1793–The city of Toulon revolts against the French Republic and admits the British and Spanish fleets to seize its port, leading to the Siege of Toulon by French Revolutionary forces.

1798–Wolfe Tone's United Irish and French forces clash with the British Army in the Battle of Castlebar (part of the Irish Rebellion of 1798), resulting in the creation of the French puppet Republic of Connacht.

1810–The French Navy defeats the British Royal Navy, preventing them from taking the harbor of Grand Port on Ile de France

1813–French Emperor Napoleon I defeats a larger force of Austrians, Russians, and Prussians, at the Battle of Dresden.

1828–Uruguay is formally proclaimed independent at preliminary peace talks brokered by the United Kingdom between Brazil and Argentina.

1832–Black Hawk, leader of the Sauk tribe of Native Americans, surrenders to U.S. authorities, ending the Black Hawk War.

1835–Men's outfitter, Thomas Burberry, is born at Brockham Green, Surrey, England. He was the inventor of gabardine fabric. Burberry's eponymous brand would become one of the largest in Great Britain.

1859–Petroleum is discovered in Titusville, Pennsylvania, leading to the world's first commercially successful oil well.

1875–Financier, William Chapman Ralston, dies. He founded the Bank of California.

1877–Engineer and businessman, Charles Rolls, is born. He co-founded Rolls-Royce Limited.

1881–A hurricane makes landfall near Savannah, Georgia, killing an estimated 700 people.

1883–Four enormous volcanic explosions destroy the island of Krakatoa, causing years of climate change.

1884–Politician, Vincent Auriol, is born. He was the 16th President of the French Republic.

1887–George, Crown Prince of Serbia, is born.

1890–Dadaist photographer and artist, Man Ray, is born.

1893–The Sea Islands hurricane strikes near Savannah, Georgia, killing between 1,000 and 2,000 people.

1896–The Anglo-Zanzibar War, between the United Kingdom and Zanzibar, is the shortest war in world history, lasting 38 to 45 minutes.

1896–Physicist and engineer, Léon Theremin, is born in Russia. He invented the Theremin.

1899–Author, C.S. Forester, is born Cecil Louis Troughton Smith in Cairo, Khedivate of Egypt. He wrote the 12-book Horatio Hornblower series and The African Queen.

1908–Lyndon B. Johnson, the 36th U.S. President, is born in Texas.

1909–Saxophonist and clarinet player, Lester Young, is born.

1916–The Kingdom of Romania declares war on Austria-Hungary, entering World War I as one of the Allied nations.

1916–Engineer, Gordon Bashford, is born in England. He co-designed the Range Rover.

1916–Actress and singer, Martha Raye, is born.

1918–During the Mexican Revolution, in the Battle of Ambos Nogales, U.S. Army forces skirmish against Mexican Carrancistas in the only battle of World War I that is fought on American soil.

1918–Economist and politician, Jelle Zijlstra, is born. He was Prime Minister of the Netherlands.

1921–The British install the son of Sharif Hussein bin Ali (leader of the Arab Revolt of 1916 against the Ottoman Empire) as King Faisal I of Iraq.

1921–Film director and screenwriter, Leo (Z.) Penn, is born in Lawrence, Massachusetts. His work in television includes Ben Casey, Dr. Kildare, I Spy, Judd for the Defense, Room 222, Bonanza, Little House on the Prairie, Cannon, Marcus Welby, M.D., Kojak, Starsky and Hutch, Barnaby Jones, Hart to Hart, Trapper John, M.D., St. Elsewhere, Magnum, P.I., Columbo, In the Heat of the Night, and Matlock. He was the father of actors Sean Penn and Christopher Penn, and musician, Michael Penn.

1922–In the Greco-Turkish War, the Turkish army takes the Aegean city of Afyonkarahisar from the Kingdom of Greece.

1926–Computer scientist and academic, Kristen Nygaard, is born in Norway.

1928–The Kellogg-Briand Pact, outlawing war, is signed by 15 nations. Ultimately, 61 nations will sign it.

1929–Max Perkins writes that editing Thomas Wolfe’s mammoth novel, Look Homeward Angel, was like “corseting an elephant.” Wolfe wrote the novel on rolls of butcher paper, while standing up, with the top of an ice box as his desk.

1929–Author, playwright, and composer, Ira Levin, is born.

1931–Spiritual leader and poet, Sri Chinmoy, is born Chinmoy Kumar Ghose in Shakpura Village, Chittagong District, East Bengal, British India (present-day Bangladesh). He was a spiritual master who taught meditation in the West after moving to New York City in 1964. Chinmoy established his first meditation center in Queens, New York, and eventually had thousands of students in 60 countries.

1933–The first Afrikaans Bible is introduced during a Bible Festival in Bloemfontein.

1935–Screenwriter and producer, Frank Yablans, is born.

1937–Teen idol, Tommy Sands, is born in Chicago, Illinois. He was handled by Elvis Presley’s manager, Colonel Tom Parker, and was molded in the same style and image as “The King.” All this considered, Sands was a great singer and had quite a few hits in the 1950s, among them Teenage Crush.

1939–The first flight of the turbojet-powered Heinkel He 178, the world's first jet aircraft, takes place.

1939–Edward Patten, of Gladys Knight & the Pips, is born.

1942–Daryl Dragon, of The Captain & Tennille, is born.

1943–Actress, Tuesday Weld, is born Susan Kerr in New York, New York. Dream girl of the 1950s, she is best known for her role on the popular TV series The Many Loves of Dobie Gillis. She appeared in the cult rock ‘n’ roll film Rock, Rock, Rock.

1944–Tim Bogert, of Vanilla Fudge and Beck, Bogert & Appice, is born in Richfield, New Jersey.

1947–Model-actress, Barbara Bach, is born Barbara Goldbach in Queens, New York. She is married to musician, Ringo Starr.

1947–Porn actor, Harry Reems, is born.

1949–Jeff Cook, of Alabama, is born.

1950–Comedian and actor, Charles Fleischer, is born.

1950–Neil Murray, of Whitesnake and Black Sabbath, is born in Scotland.

1952–Comedian and actor, Paul Reubens, is born Paul Rubenfeld in Peekskill, New York. He is best known for his character Pee-wee Herman. He had his own TV series, Pee-wee’s Playhouse, from 1986 to 1990. Reubens joined the Los Angeles comedy troupe, The Groundlings, in the 1970s, and began his career as an improvisational comedian and stage actor. He appeared in the films Pray TV, The Blues Brothers, Cheech & Chong’s Next Movie, Pee-wee’s Big Adventure, Back to the Beach, Big Top Pee-wee, Buffy the Vampire Slayer, Mystery Men, and Blow.

1953–Alex Lifeson, of Rush, is born in Canada.

1955–The Guinness Book of World Records publishes its first edition.

1955–Actress, Diana Scarwid, is born.

1957–Malaysia's constitution comes into force.

1959–TV host, Downtown Julie Brown, is born.

1962–The Mariner 2 unmanned space mission is launched to Venus by NASA.

1963–The Beatles are part of the filming of a documentary being made to explore the “Mersey Beat” boom. To avoid the difficulties of a live Beatles concert, filming is done in a studio with group performing Twist and Shout and She Loves You. The studio performances are intercut with scenes of The Beatles' hysterical fans that were taped the previous night at the Odeon Cinema in Southport.

1964–The Beatles, touring in America, perform a show at Cincinnati Gardens, Cincinnati, Ohio, in front of 14,000 fans.

1964–Comedienne and actress, Gracie Allen, dies.

1965–Columbia Records releases Bob Dylan's second electric album Highway 61 Revisited. Hits from the LP include Like a Rolling Stone and Ballad of a Thin Man.

1965–On the last day of a five-day break from their North American tour, The Beatles meet Elvis Presley at his mansion in Beverly Hills, California. It is an awkward meeting for both the “Fab Four” and “The King,” with almost everyone in attendance giving a different version of what actually happened.

1967–The Sunday Express reveals that former Beatle, Pete Best, works in a bakery in Liverpool, England, earning £18 a week.

1967–Beatles manager, Brian Epstein, dies of an accidental suicide at his home in London, England, at age 32. His death was the result of an accumulation of the barbiturate Carbitol within his body over a period of two to three days. The Beatles are in North Wales with the Maharishi Mahesh Yogi, where Paul McCartney receives a phone call with the bad news. Paul and his girlfriend, Jane Asher, leave immediately for London. In interviews later that day, John, George, and Ringo are visibly shaken. The New York Times eulogizes Brian as “the man who revolutionized pop music in our time.”

1968–Princess Marina of Greece and Denmark dies.

1969–Dog trainer, Cesar Millan, is born.

1971–An attempted coup d'état fails in the African nation of Chad. The Government of Chad accuses Egypt of playing a role in the attempt and breaks off diplomatic relations.

1971–Publisher, Bennett Cerf, dies. He co-founded Random House.

1971–Photographer and journalist, Margaret Bourke-White, dies.

1972–North Vietnam's major port at Haiphong sees the first bombings from U.S. warplanes.

1976–Actress, Sarah Chalke, is born in Canada.

1979–Admiral and politician, Louis Mountbatten, dies from assassination during an explosion on a boat in Donegal Bay, Mullaghmore, Ireland, at age 79. He was the first Earl Mountbatten of Burma and 44th Governor-General of India.

1980–A massive bomb, planted by extortionist John Birges, explodes at Harvey's Resort Hotel in Stateline, Nevada, after a failed disarming attempt by the FBI. Although the hotel is damaged, no one is injured.

1982–Turkish military diplomat, Colonel Atilla Altikat, is shot and killed in Ottawa, Canada. Justice Commandos of the Armenian Genocide claim responsibility, saying they are avenging the massacre of 1.5 million Armenians in the 1915 Armenian Genocide.

1985–The Nigerian government is peacefully overthrown by Army Chief of Staff Major General, Ibrahim Babangida.

1990–Blues-rock guitarist, Stevie Ray Vaughan, dies in a helicopter crash in Alpine Valley, Wisconsin, at age 35. Three members of Eric Clapton's band are also killed. In spite of a short-lived mainstream career spanning only seven years, he is widely considered one of the most influential electric guitarists in the history of blues music, and one of the most important figures in the revival of blues in the 1980s.

1991–The European Community recognizes the independence of the Baltic states of Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania.

1991–Moldova declares independence from the USSR.

1992–The handwritten lyrics for The Beatles song, A Day in the Life, sell for $87,000 at auction.

1993–The Rainbow Bridge, connecting Tokyo's Shibaura and the island of Odaiba, is completed.

1995–Neil Young plays England's Reading Festival with Pearl Jam as his backing band.

1996–Actor, Greg Morris, dies. He is best known for his role on the TV spy series Mission: Impossible.

2003–Mars makes its closest approach to Earth in nearly 60,000 years, passing 34,646,418 miles away.

2003–The first six-party talks, involving South and North Korea, the United States, China, Japan, and Russia, convene to find a peaceful resolution to the security concerns as a result of the North Korean nuclear weapons program.

2006–Comair Flight 5191 crashes on takeoff from Blue Grass Airport in Lexington, Kentucky, bound for Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport in Atlanta. Of the passengers and crew, 49 of 50 are confirmed dead in the hours following the crash.

2006–The 58th Annual Primetime Emmy Awards announces its winners. Best Dramatic Series: 24; Best Comedy Series: The Office; Best Musical or Variety Series: The Daily Show with Jon Stewart; Best Mini-Series: Elizabeth I; Best Made for Television Movie: The Girl in the Café; Best Reality Series: The Amazing Race; Best Actor: Kiefer Sutherland; Best Actress: Mariska Hargitay; Best Comedy Actor: Tony Shalhoub; Best Comedy Actress: Julia Louis-Dreyfus. The ceremonies are held at the Shrine Auditorium, Los Angeles, California. The host is Conan O’Brian. The Discovery Channel received its first major nomination this year.

2006–Super-centenarian, María Capovilla, dies of pneumonia in Guayaquil, Ecuador, at age 116 (and 347 days). At the time of her death, Capovilla was the fifth-oldest verified person to have ever lived. Her life spanned three centuries and the rule of 33 elected Ecuadorian Presidents.

2009–The Burmese military junta and ethnic armies begin three days of violent clashes in the Kokang Special Region.

2011–Hurricane Irene strikes the east coast of America, killing 47 people and causing an estimated $15.6 billion in damage.

2013–The riots between two religious communities begin in Muzaffarnagar, Uttar Pradesh, India.

2016–Federal authorities charge dozens of Southern California postal workers and their associates with mail theft, embezzlement, and an array of other crimes as part of a sweeping investigation into criminal activity at the U.S. Postal Service. One individual was found to have had tens of thousands of pieces of mail in her possession. Arrest warrants were issued for six of the 33 defendants.

2016–A fire at a warehouse in Moscow, Russia, kills at least 17 people, all migrant workers from Kyrgyzstan.


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